As we leave the 2010s, 10 daily is taking a look back in time at the biggest news stories of the decade.
From elections, natural disasters, miracle rescues and animal deaths that sparked global outrage, it’s been a decade that brought tears, relief and moments of joy.
12 January: Haiti Earthquake
A catastrophic magnitude 7.0 earthquake near the town of Leogane, about 25 kilometres west of Haiti’s capital Port-au-Prince, shook this small Caribbean country.
More than 200,000 people were killed and about 280,000 residential and commercial buildings collapsed or were severely damaged.
26 January: Apple iPad Unveiled
Steve Jobs unveiled the first generation iPad to the world during an Apple Special Event in California. The tablet went on to sell more than 15 million units by the time the second generation was released a year later.
20 April 20 – 19 January: BP Oil Spill
A drilling rig on the Deepwater Horizon in the Gulf of Mexico exploded, killing 11 people.
The rig began leaking oil into the water — spilling 4.9 million barrels — and became the largest marine oil spill in history. It is estimated the clean-up bill was more than US$65 billion.
5 August – 13 October: Chile Mine Collapse
For 69 days, 33 miners were trapped 700 metres underground after a tunnel collapse at the San Jose copper-gold mine.
It took 17 days for rescuers to find the miners who had established a one-man, one-vote democracy to survive their ordeal.
An estimated one billion people watched as each miner was brought to the surface in a specially-designed capsule.
17 December: Start Of The Arab Spring
A series of anti-government protests began across the Middle East and Africa that saw leaders in numerous countries overthrown.
The first protests began in Tunisia, and over the next two years spread to Algeria, Jordan, Oman, Egypt, Yemen, Sudan, Iraq, Bahrain, Libya, Kuwait, Morocco, Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, Syria and Palestine.
It is estimated more than 61,000 people died during the events, many of which turned violent.
11 March: Japan Earthquake
A disastrous magnitude 9.0 earthquake struck off the east coast of Japan, 130km east of the city of Sendai, killing approximately 28,500 people.
The earthquake also initiated a nuclear disaster at the Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant, causing the death of one worker and the evacuation of some 154,000 residents.
29 April: Wedding Of Prince William And Catherine Middleton
Prince William finally married his long-time love Catherine Middleton the Royal Wedding of a generation at Westminster Abbey.
Thousands lined the streets of London to get a glimpse of the happy couple and an estimated 36 million people tuned in around the world to watch the nuptials.
2 May: Osama Bin Laden Killed
Under the cover of darkness, the US Military raided Osama bin Laden’s compound in Abbottabad, Pakistan.
Code-named ‘Operation Neptune Spear’, the team killed bin Laden, as well as a number of his family members and Al-Qaeda members.
22 July: Norway Terror Attack
Two lone-wolf terror attacks from mass murderer Anders Behring Breivik rocked Norway.
Breivik’s first attack, a car bomb explosion in Oslo, killed eight people. His second attack, the deadliest mass shooting by a lone perpetrator in modern history, killed 69 people at a summer camp for the youth division of the Norwegian Labor Party.
17 December: Kim Jong-il Death
The Supreme Leader of North Korea Kim Jong-Il died of a suspected heart attack while travelling on a train outside of Pyongyang.
He inherited the dictatorship from his father in 1994, and his rule was labelled as “among the world’s most repressive” by Human Rights Watch.
Kim Jong-un succeeded his father as the Supreme Leader.
5 March: Kony2012
A movie by the title of ‘Kony 2012’ created by charity ‘Invisible Children’ started a global campaign to bring alleged war criminal Joseph Kony and the former leader of a Ugandan guerrilla army to justice. The movie shed light on his use of child soldiers.
The documentary was viewed millions of times and began a viral sensation, backed by celebrities, and the public was encouraged to buy a Kony 2012 action kit and donate. However, it was also heavily criticised for over-simplifying the events in the regions, and Kony still has not been found.
August: Cecilia Gimenez And The Jesus Christ Fresco
A simple gesture of kindheartedness in a small Spanish village turned into a worldwide sensation. Cecilia Gimenez, aged in her 80s, offered to restore a 1930s fresco of Jesus from her local church.
The result was probably one of the worst art restorations of all time, with the unrecognisable painting gaining international fame. In good news, tourists flocked to the small town of Borja to see the painting, bringing a significant amount of money to the church and town.
9 October: Malala Yousafzai Shot By The Taliban
Pakistani teenager Malala Yousafzai was shot in the head by the Taliban for her outspoken opposition to a ban on girls attending school in the Swat Valley where she lived. Yousafzai survived the shooting and moved to the UK to continue her recovery.
Yousafzai has since been awarded a Nobel Peace Price for her activism for the right of all children to receive an education, and is currently studying at Oxford University.
December: World’s First Driving Dogs
Kiwi charity ‘Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals’ trained two rescue dogs to drive modified minis.
The video of the two pooches changing gears and steering their cars around a race track went viral.
13 March: Pope Francis Is Elected
Argentinian-born Jorge Mario Bergoglio was elected as the 266th Pope of the Roman Catholic church, taking on the papal name Francis.
15 April: Boston Marathon Bombing
Two homemade bombs were detonated during the Boston Marathon, killing three people and injuring hundreds of others (including 16 people who lost limbs). Two police officers were also killed during the manhunt for the bombers, Chechen Kazakhstani-American brothers Dzhokhar and Tamerlan Tsarnaev, over the next few days. Tamerlan was killed in a shootout with police while Dzhokhar was arrested and later sentenced to death.
22 July: Birth of Prince George
The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge welcomed their first son, Prince George into the world (after what felt like the longest pregnancy in history). Just hours after being born, the third in line to the throne was presented to the world’s media.
5 December: Death Of Nelson Mandela
Nelson Mandela died at his home in Johannesburg surrounded by his family. Madiba was honoured with a public memorial service on December 10, before a state funeral that was attended by international dignitaries on December 15.
December: Western African Ebola Virus Outbreak
It is widely believed the Western African outbreak of ebola started with a one-year-old boy in Guinea. The disease spread throughout the west of the continent to Sierra Leone, Liberia, Senegal, Nigeria and Mali.
By 2016, it is believed of the 28,600 people infected, more than 11,300 died.
10 February: Schapelle Corby Released From Jail
After serving nine years in Kerobokan Prison for smuggling drugs into Indonesia in her bodyboard bag, Schapelle Corby was released on parole. Having initially been sentenced to 20 years, Corby received a number of remissions on her jail term. Her parole restrictions required her to stay in Bali until her final release in 2017.
8 March: Malaysia Airlines Flight 370 Disappears
MH370 disappeared while traveling from Kuala Lumpur to Beijing with 239 passengers and crew on board. Contact was lost with the plane as it flew over the South China Sea about 38 minutes after takeoff.
Pieces of the plane have been found washed ashore in Mozambique, Tanzania and Madagascar, however investigators still do not know what caused the crash or where it happened. Seven Australians were on board the flight.
16-25 April: Royals Down Under
Prince William and the Duchess of Cambridge brought their son, Prince George, to Australia for his first royal tour. The family visited Sydney, Brisbane, Uluru, Adelaide and Canberra on their 10-day whirlwind trip.
May: Rolf Harris Faces Trial
Australian entertainer Rolf Harris was arrested the previous year as part of Operation Yewtree, the UK investigation into allegations of historical sexual offences.
Harris was later found guilty of 12 counts of indecent assault of four underage girls during the 70s and 80s. He was sentenced to five years and nine months in jail, and was released on licence after serving nearly three years.
July: Baby Gammy
Baby Gammy, a newborn with Down syndrome, was left in Thailand by an Australian couple who had hired a Thai woman to be their surrogate. The couple, David Farnell and Wendy Li, took Gammy’s twin sister back to Australia. It was also revealed Farnell was a convicted sex offender.
The case came to prominent media attention after Gammy’s birth mother tried to raise funds for her child, who she was now raising alone. The controversy forced Thailand to crack down on surrogacy, banning foreigners from traveling to the country for a commercial surrogacy contract.
27 November: Cricketer Phillip Hughes Dies
Australian cricketer Phil Hughes was struck in the back of the neck in a tragic accident during a Sheffield Shield match at the Sydney Cricket Ground. Three days later, the sporting world mourned when the news broke the much-loved player had died.
15-16 December: Lindt Cafe Siege
Man Haron Monis walked into the Lindt Cafe is Sydney’s Martin Place at about 9.40am and took 18 hostages, using them as human shields as emergency services surrounded the cafe.
During the 16-hour standoff, a number of hostages managed to escape. Just after 2am, Monis shot cafe manager Tori Johnson, resulting in police storming the cafe. Barrister Katrina Dawson was killed in the crossfire.
7 January: Charlie Hebdo Shooting
French satirical newspaper Charlie Hebdo was targeted by brothers Saïd and Chérif Kouachi, who identified themselves as al-Qaeda terrorists.
Twelve people were killed and 11 others were injured in the shooting.
February: The Dress
A photo of a dress went viral when it was posted to Facebook after a mother and daughter from Scotland could not agree on its colour.
Five years later, and the world is still arguing whether it is blue and black or white and gold.
29 April: Bali 9 Executions
After nine years on death row, Bali 9 ringleaders Andrew Chan and Myuran Sukumaran were executed by firing squad. The pair had planned to import 8.3 kilograms of heroin to Australia from Indonesia with seven others.
2 July: Cecil The Lion Is Killed
Cecil the lion was a major tourist attraction at the Hwange National Park in Zimbabwe. The lion was killed by American dentist Walter Palmer, who shot Cecil with an arrow and then tracked him for 10-12 hours before finally killing him with another arrow.
14 July: New Horizons’ Pluto Flyby
NASA’s New Horizon spacecraft flew past Pluto in a historic flyby that gave Earth-dwellers a chance to see the dwarf planet up close.
19 July: Mick Fanning And The Shark
Aussie surfing champion Mick Fanning encountered a shark while competing at the notorious J-Bay Open in South Africa. Fanning punched the shark and used his board to fend it off, with the shark biting off his board leash as Fanning swam back to shore.
Fellow Aussie Julian Wilson was hailed a hero after paddling over to help his countryman.
2 September: Aylan Shenu
The photo of a three-year-old Syrian boy of Kurdish background lying dead on a beach after drowning in the Mediterranean Sea highlighted the refugee crisis in Europe.
The image drew criticism from the international community and saw a increase in donations to charities helping those fleeing war-torn countries.
September: Volkswagen Emissions Scandal
Volkswagen was found to have programmed its turbocharged direct injection diesel engines to reduce its emissions during laboratory emissions testing in order to meet US regulations.
In reality, the cars produce 40 times more nitrogen oxides (prevalent in air pollution) than testing showed. The scandal affected almost 11 million cars built between 2009-2015.
13 November: Paris Terror Attacks
A series of coordinated terror attacks took place around Paris on the night of November 13. Three explosions rocked areas near the Stade de France during a friendly football match between France and Germany, killing four people.
A number of restaurants in the city were targeted by shooters and a suicide bombing, with 27 people killed and 33 injured.
Three shooters entered the Bataclan theatre and massacred the audience and took hostages during a performance by American band Eagles of Death Metal. During the three-hour siege, 90 people were killed.
February: Zika Virus
The Zika virus epidemic in Brazil began in 2015, but it was in February 2016 the World Health Organisation declared there was evidence between the disease and birth defects.
An infected mother could transmit the disease to her fetus which could cause microcephaly and other brain anomalies.
28 May: Killing Of Harambe
Harambe, a western lowland gorilla at Cincinnati Zoo and Botanical Garden, was shot by keepers after he grabbed a three-year-old that had fallen into his enclosure. After Harambe’s death , thousands attended vigils around the world after widespread criticism.
23 June: Brexit Referendum
Nearly 52 percent of voters in the United Kingdom voted to leave the European Union in a referendum. An initial two-year deadline was given for the UK to be out of the EU, but a series of extensions and failed negotiations means we’ll probably still be talking about this at the end of the next decade.
14 July: Nice Truck Attack
During Bastille Day celebrations, a truck was deliberately driven through reveling crowds on the Promenade des Anglais. Eighty-six people were killed and 434 were injured in the terrorist attack.
25 October: Four Deaths At Dreamworld
A tragic accident at Dreamworld on the Gold Coast claimed the lives of four people. A raft on the Thunder River Rapid Ride flipped over after two rafts collided near a conveyor belt. The ride has since been demolished.
8 November: US Presidential Election
It was the election of fake news, emails and billionaires that was watched by the entire world. At the end of it all, Donald Trump was elected as the 45th President of the United States, beating Hilary Clinton despite losing the popular vote.
20 January: Bourke Street Attack
Six people were killed and 27 injured when a car was driven into pedestrians on busy Bourke Street in Melbourne’s CBD. The perpetrator, Dimitrious Gargasoulas, was later jailed for life with a non-parole period of 46 years.
10 March: Kids Gatecrash Live BBC Interview
Professor Robert Kelly, an expert on inter-Korean affairs, became a viral sensation after his home office was gatecrashed by his kids during a live interview on the BBC. While he was talking to World News correspondent James Menendez, Kelly’s kids barged into the room before being quickly pulled out by his wife, Jung-a Kim, as the interview continued.
22 May: Manchester Arena Bombing
Following a concert by Ariana Grande, a homemade shrapnel bomb exploded inside the arena, killing 22 people and injuring more than 800. Weeks later, a benefit concert, ‘One Love Manchester,’ was held to remember the victims and raise money for the families. Grande returned to perform and was joined by dozens of other celebrities for the concert that was broadcast around the world.
14 June: Grenfell Tower
Grenfell Tower, an apartment block in west London, went up in flames due to a malfunctioning fridge-freezer on the fourth floor. The fire was exacerbated by flammable cladding on the outside of the building. It took 72 hours for fire to be extinguished, claiming the lives of 72 people and injuring another 74.
1 October: Las Vegas Shooting
From the 32nd floor of Las Vegas’s Mandalay Bay Hotel, gunman Stephen Paddock fired more than 1000 rounds of ammunition into a crowd of concertgoers at the Route 91 Harvest Music Festival below. Fifty-eight people were killed and 869 others were injured in the mass shooting, which became America’s most deadly in modern history.
Actress Alyssa Milano wrote a blog post calling for women who had been sexually harassed or assaulted to reply ‘me too’, following the exposure of allegations against Harvey Weinstein. The hashtag went viral as millions around the world used it to call out predatory behaviour.
The saying ‘me too’ has been around since 2006, when Tarana Burke, a social activist, used it on MySpace to empower women of colour who had been sexually abused.
7 December: Same Sex Marriage Passes Parliament
Between September 12 and November 7, more than 12 million Australians cast their votes in the Marriage Law Postal Survey. The ‘Yes’ vote won with 61.6 percent of the vote. On December 7, the bill was passed through the House of Representatives in emotional scenes.
14 February: Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School Shooting
A former student of the school in Parkland, Florida, opened fire on students and teachers, killing 17 and injuring another 17.
Survivors of the shooting became the voice of the gun control debate in the US and formed the political action committee ‘Never Again MSD’.
Parkland Shooting: A Nation Remembers The 17 Who Didn’t Come Home From School
One year after the Valentine’s Day massacre inside a Florida school, students and families leading a nationwide push for school and gun safety paused to mark the anniversary of the deadliest US high school shooting.
17 March : Facebook-Cambridge Analytica Scandal
News broke that Facebook had allowed Cambridge Analytica — a political consulting firm — to have access to the raw data to about 87 million accounts. The data was collected without the consent of users and used for political advertising purposes.
Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg apologised for the “breach of trust” and promised to investigate how it happened. In July 2019, Facebook was fined about $5 billion (USD) to settle the investigation by the Federal Trade Commission.
11 May: Margaret River Shooting
Australia was shocked after six people were killed in the country’s worst mass shooting since Port Arthur.
Peter Miles shot and killed his wife Cynda Miles, their daughter Katrina Cockman and four grandchildren in a murder-suicide at their home in Osmington, WA.
19 May: Prince Harry marries Meghan Markle
Nearly 30 million viewers tuned in to watch the royal wedding of the decade, as Prince Harry and his American bride Meghan Markle sealed the deal in a lavish, celebrity-packed ceremony at St George’s Chapel in Windsor Castle.
Shortly before the wedding, Queen Elizabeth bestowed the couple with their new official titles: the Duke and Duchess of Sussex.
12 June: First North Korea – United States Summit
President Donald Trump and North Korean Dictator Kim Jong-un met for the first time at a summit in Singapore. It was the first-ever meeting between leaders of the two countries.
After the meeting Trump declared North Korea was no longer a nuclear threat.
23 June – 10 July: Thai Cave Rescue
For nearly three weeks, the world’s eyes were on Tham Luang Nan Non cave in the Chiang Rai Province of Thailand. Inside the cave was the Wild Boars football team — twelve boys and their coach — who became trapped after rain flooded their route out. An international rescue mission was launched, with over 10,000 people involved to bring the team to safety.
Two Australians, Dr Richard Harris, a physician specializing in anesthesia, and Craig Challen, were part of the lead diving team who brought each boy through the four kilometres of flooded tunnels.
9 September: Needles in Strawberries
The first reported case of a needle in a strawberry was posted on Facebook by a person in Brisbane. Over the coming days, dozens of contaminated punnets were found across the country, forcing farmers to dump tonnes of strawberries as they were pulled from shop shelves.
2 October: Journalist Jamal Khashoggi Killed
Saudi Arabian journalist Jamal Khashoggi entered the Saudi consulate in Istanbul for papers for his upcoming marriage, but never came out. Saudi Arabia initially denied his killing, but global outrage eventually forced the country to admit his death was premeditated.
December: Murray-Darling Fish Kill
As many as one million fish are believed to have died in multiple fish kills in the Murray-Darling Basin.
It is believed low oxygen levels in the stagnant water from by a drop in temperatures and a blue-green algal bloom caused the mass deaths.
15 March: Christchurch Shooting
During Friday Prayer, 51 worshipers at the Al Noor Mosque and Linwood Islamic Centre were killed by a gunman during a live-streamed attack.
Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern was praised for her heartfelt response to the terrorist attack, and New Zealand tightened its gun laws within months of the event.
5 June: ABC Raids
The Australian Federal Police raided ABC headquarters in Sydney over files pertaining to a 2017 investigation into alleged misconduct by Australian forces in Afghanistan. The raids were live-tweeted by ABC News Executive Editor John Lyons.
The ABC raids came days after the AFP raided the home of News Corp journalist Annika Smethurst over a story she wrote about the Australian government considering allowing spy agencies to spy on citizens for the first time.
The raids caused mass outrage at the threat to journalists and calls for new laws to protect journalism in Australia.
6 July: Jeffrey Epstein Arrested
Billionaire Jeffrey Epstein was arrested and charged for the sex trafficking of minors. He was found dead in his cell in August.
Prince Andrew has since been under scrutiny over his friendship with the disgraced paedophile.
Unprecedented bushfires raged through New South Wales and Queensland, killing six people, destroying more than 1000 homes and burning through millions of hectares of land.
International fire crews have bolstered Australian crews on the fire ground as they battle the fires that are expected to burn through the summer.