Health & Education Highlights National News

The silent spread of HIV In Pakistan

Lehaz ali & Farid ali |

The KP government has enacted legislation against the spread of AIDS disease, which will set up a board in addition to screening AIDS in all government hospitals, which will formulate a policy for AIDS patients. The board will be under the auspices of the Department of Health and under the proposed draft to carry out special campaigns for AIDS awareness and overcome AIDS. In addition to screening Pakistanis overseas, the campaign, under the observation of surgeons, will setup regulations for ear piercing, beauty parlors and other contacting sectors. Suggestions have been added for violations up to Rs one lakh and two years’ imprisonment have also been suggested. The draft also recommends the inclusion of special subjects for AIDS awareness in the curriculum of elementary education.According to sources, the Health Department in collaboration with the UNDP has drafted the bill titled Khyber Pakhtunkhwa AIDS Control, Treatment and Protection Bill in the legal document apart from inclusion of definition of AIDS and setting up of board. A proposal to mandate screening of HIV AIDS before surgery is included, in light of the fact that there will be separate devices for regular AIDS surgery for HIV AIDS patients, according to the Health Department in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. According to the health department, a total number of 5,432 patients have been registered so far since the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa launched the provincial AIDS program in 2005. However, the 2016-17 Integrated Behavior Surveillance Survey report shows that the number of HIV patients in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa is over 12,000.According to the Health Department, every year, five hundred and six hundred patients are registered in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa with free medical care. According to a survey of medical experts, more than 1.5 million people in Pakistan are currently infected with HIV AIDS, of which only 27,000 are registered. No law has yet been made for AIDS patients in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. According to health officials, the new law will make the government more efficient in screening arrangements for which laboratories will be enhanced from health centers to district headquarters hospitals. For this purpose, the KP government will have to spend hundreds of millions of rupees for which a subsidiary organization of the United Nations has promised to provide funding.According to the Health Department, HIV / AIDS is growing very fast in Pakistan and it has an increase of 40,000 patients every year. Director of the Provincial AIDS Control Program, Dr Muhammad Salim, said that presently Khyber Pakhtunkhwa is providing – like other provinces of the country – free treatment, free medicines and counseling facility to AIDS patients in the areas of Hayatabad Medical Complex Peshawar, Lady Reading Hospital, District Headquarter Hospital Kohat, Mardan Medical Complex, Khalifa Gul Nawaz Hospital Bannu, Ayub Teaching Hospital Abbottabad, District Headquarters Hospital Dera Ismail Khan and District Headquarters Hospital Batkhela. He said that the common reason for the spread of HIV AIDS in the country is the reuse of same syringes. According to the 2016-17 Integrated Behavior Surveillance Survey report, more than 38 percent of HIV patients have had used syringe. Apart from this, 7.6% of the affected patients in the country are transgender. However, sexual misconduct cannot be ignored. Currently, the number of male sex workers in the country is 5.2 and female sex workers are 2.2 percent. He said that at present, fifty percent of the AIDS patients are from Punjab, 43 percent are from Sindh, 5.4 percent from Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and 2.5 from Balochistan. Khyber Pakhtunkhwa has more than 800 registered patients from Peshawar, However, this does not mean that most patients are related to other districts who are residing in Peshawar. In 2018, prisoners were screened in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa prisons, revealing 38 HIV-positive prisoners. Later documentary eviden

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